Key Issues in a SOW – part 3 of 3 – from the vendor perspective

Key Issues in a SOW – part 3 of 3 – from the vendor perspective
Posted by   Brian Heller Feb 28, 2020

When you are a vendor providing goods/services to a customer, the most critical issues in a SOW are those relating to the description of services, payment, and the terms of acceptance. These provisions should be written with clarity and specificity. The remainder of the terms, while important, do not require the same level of detail. To help guide the providing party in its review or preparation of a SOW, consider the following: 

  • Products and Services
    Maintaining the flexibility to modify your standard products/services from time to time is important, particularly if you deliver a standardized product/service to multiple customers. A customer may seek detailed descriptions of the specifications, features, etc. (see Part 2 of this series); but, it is in your best interests to avoid encapsulating them with such granularity in the SOW. A common compromise on this issue to list certain “core” features, while expressly reserving your right to update your product/service subject to a remedy for the customer in the event the modification causes a materially adverse effect on such services.

  • Acceptance Criteria
    Objective acceptance criteria in the SOW are preferable to any language that would allow the customer to make a subjective determination. For example, the SOW might state that acceptance will be deemed to have occurred if/when products/services meet all of the express specifications of the SOW. For situations where beta testing or other progress check-ins are involved, you might impose a time limit on the customer’s ability to accept or reject the deliverables.

  • Pricing and Payment
    Include a detailed payment schedule, including payment amounts and specific deadlines, to set expectations from the start. If payments are tied to acceptance, it will be even more critical to include objective acceptance standards in the SOW. Alternatively, the provider might specify that payments are required upon delivery of a compliant service or deliverable.

  • Ownership of Deliverables
    Intellectual property rights are very important. Although these rights may have already been addressed in the master services agreement (MSA), vendors should be aware that some SOWs will contain ownership terms, particularly if the SOW adds a new or different category of deliverables that was not contemplated at the time of the MSA was signed.

  • Termination Rights
    Similarly, termination rights may have already been addressed in the MSA. Nonetheless, a customer might try to include them in a SOW if new or different services are being provided which were not previously addressed in the MSA.

  • Assumptions and Customer Responsibilities
    List any preconditions, assumptions, or customer responsibilities that may excuse your performance if the customer fails to uphold its end of the bargain. For example, your obligation to provide services might be based on the customer first preparing special equipment, software, facilities, and/or providing access to such things. If this does not happen, you want to avoid any disputes over nonperformance on your part.

In summary, as the vendor or providing party, it is acceptable to be a bit vaguer in the SOW, than if you were the customer. However, on issues of payment, acceptance and the description of goods/services, you will want to be as clear (and objective) as possible.

Brian Heller is a Member of Outside GC’s Washington D.C.-based team, and is an experienced technology and deal attorney, specializing in SaaS software licensing, Virtual Reality (VR) products and services, digital and social media, online advertising, mobile apps, cloud services, terms of use, data use and protection and content licensing. Brian has represented both vendors and customers and uses this experience to present reasonable positions on behalf of his clients. Brian can be reached at [email protected]. 

This publication should not be construed as legal advice or a legal opinion on any specific facts or circumstances not an offer to represent you. It is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. The contents are intended for general informational purposes only, and you are urged to consult your attorney concerning any particular situation and any specific legal questions you may have. Pursuant to applicable rules of professional conduct, portions of this publication may constitute Attorney Advertising.

Subscribe to Our Blog